NFT Insider Trading: The Nathaniel Chastain Case

NFT Insider Trading: The Nathaniel Chastain Case

One of the most important court cases in the NFT space in recent months has undoubtedly been that of Nathanial Chastain. A former employee at NFT marketplace OpenSeaChastain infamously made history as the first person to be convicted of NFT insider trading.

The course of the trial was quite intense, with Chastain’s legal team putting forward a defense that questioned the status of NFT assets as a whole. Following his historic conviction, it is worth examining why this case is important and what impact it will have on the NFT community going forward.

Background of the case

To understand the significance of the case, we must first break down how the crime took place. Previously, Nathanial Chastain had worked as product manager at OpenSea. One of his tasks in this role was to decide which NFT collections should be displayed on the website.

As most of us know, OpenSea is one of the largest NFT marketplaces in the world. As such, being featured on the home page can be a huge boost to any NFT collection, and consequently lead to massive sales, and it was this ripple effect that Chastain was banking on.

According to the US Department of Justice, Chastain began exploiting this information from June 2021 until at least in or around September 2021. He would decide on a collection to display on the website and then purchase dozens of assets from that collection.

When it was mentioned, the price of the assets would increase and he would sell them on at a profit. According to the Ministry of Justice, this was for around 2 to 5 times his original investment. The sale also occurred using an anonymous digital asset wallet to avoid detection.

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Due to the vigilance of the NFT community, his actions were discovered in September 2021, and after deliberation, in June 2022, the Department of Justice charged him with one count of wire fraud and another count of money laundering. During the court proceedings, Chastain’s lawyers presented a number of arguments in his defense.

At first it was said that the knowledge of which collections were to be displayed on OpenSea’s website was not “confidential” information and that Chastain had done nothing wrong. This was dismissed on the basis that Chastain used an anonymous digital asset wallet to cover his tracks (meaning he knew his activities were wrong).

Interestingly, it was also argued that Chastain could not be charged with insider trading or wire fraud because NFTs are not “technically” commodities or securities. Of course this did not work as he was convicted on both counts and will be sentenced later this year.

The Significance of the NFT Insider Trading Case

This case is not just another example of someone potentially going to prison after committing a crime. In fact, it has far-reaching implications for the entire industry.

First, there are the legal ramifications. When Chastain was first charged, it represented the first time anyone was charged with wire fraud and insider trading in relation to NFTs. When we think of insider trading or wire fraud, we tend to think of “traditional” assets like stocks and not NFTs. This was even referenced by Chastain’s legal team in his defense.

This conviction means we now have a legal precedent for convicting people who try to manipulate the NFT market. Others will therefore be deterred from trying to do what Chastain did, and if they choose to try, there is legal precedent to convict them.

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This will make the industry infinitely safer for all participants. Think of it like paying tax on crypto gains, no legal framework or precedent existed for it a decade ago, so people simply didn’t do it. Now that the framework and precedent exist, the industry is more compliant and organized.

We must also consider the social implications of this case. Those who trade NFTs and other digital assets are very aware of the existing legal gray areas. How certain activities may be unethical or illegal in the case of “traditional” industries, but have no consequences in the case of NFTs. These include things like pump-and-dumps and smart contract exploitation.

The average NFT investor probably wasn’t surprised that someone manipulated the markets the way Chastain did, but was probably surprised that he was convicted. Now those in the NFT space can rest assured that they have a little more legal protection and are not helpless when it comes to misconduct by marketplace staff.

This also applies to those outside society. While it’s easy to look at the Chastain case as an indictment of the NFT space, it can also be encouraging. Simply put, it shows that the NFT space is not a lawless wild west, but an industry that can and has been held accountable to law enforcement. This in turn is encouraging for investors.


The Chastain case is perhaps one of the most significant for the NFT industry in recent times. It sets a much-needed legal precedent that can continue to protect both investors and platforms. It also shows the developments taking place in the industry and can continue to increase investor confidence.

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While Chastain has yet to be sentenced, the ruling opens the floodgates for more potential prosecutions in NFT-related wire fraud and insider trading.

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*All investment/financial opinions expressed by NFT Plazas are from personal research and experience of our site moderators and are intended as educational material only. Individuals are required to research all products before making any type of investment.

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